These are 6 Pre-Conditions of Salah:
- Taharat (Purity)
- Sitr-e-Awrat (Veiling)
- Istiqbal-e-Qibla (Facing towards the Qiblah during Salah)
- Waqt (Timings)
- Niyyat (Intention)
- Takbir-e-Tahrimah (اَللهُ اَكْبَر)
Now here are the details one by one, Read it carefully:
1. Taharat (Purity)
The body, clothes and place of Salah must be pure from all types of impurities. Ref: (Maraqil Falah ma’ Hashiya-tut-Tahtawi, P207)
2. Sitr-e-Awrat (Veiling)
- Men’s body from navel to the knees (including knees) must be covered whereas women’s whole body must be covered except the following five parts: Face, both palms, soles of both feet. However, according to a Mufta bihi Qawl (valid verdict), the Salah of a woman will be valid even if her both hands, up to the wrist, and feet, up to the ankle, are completely uncovered. Ref: (Durr-e-Mukhtar ma’ Rad-dul-Muhtar, V2, P93)
- If someone wears such thin clothing that exposes such a part of the body which is Fard to be concealed in Salah, or that exposes the color of skin (of that part), the Salah will not be valid. Ref: (Fatawa-e-‘Alamgiri, V1, P58)
- Nowadays, the trend of wearing thin clothing is growing. Wearing such thin clothes that expose any part of thigh or Sitr is Haram even when not offering Salah. Ref: (Bahar-e-Shari’at, Part 3, P42, Madina-tul-Murshid Bareilly Sharif)
- Wearing such thick skin-tight clothes that do not expose the color of the body but reveal the shape of Sitr will not invalidate the Salah but it is not permissible for other people to look at that part of the body.
Ref: (Rad-dul-Muhtar, V2, P103)
Coming in front of others wearing such skin-tight clothes is prohibited and it is more strictly forbidden for women. Ref: (Bahar-e-Shari’at, Part 3, P42, Madina-tul-Murshid, Bareilly Sharif)
- Some women wear such thin shawl made of muslin etc. that reveals the blackness of their hair during Salah or wear such dress through which the color of body-parts is visible; the Salah offered wearing such a dress will not be valid.
Istiqbal-e-Qiblah means facing towards the Qiblah during Salah.
- If the Musalli (the one offering Salah) turns his chest deliberately from Qiblah without a valid reason, his Salah will become invalid even if he turns back to Qiblah instantly. However, if his chest turns unintentionally and he turns back to Qiblah within the amount of time in which ‘سبحان الله‘ can be uttered thrice, his Salah will not be invalid. Ref: (Al-Bahr-ur-Ra-aiq, V1, P497)
- If only face turned from Qiblah, it is Wajib to turn the face back towards Qiblah instantly. Although the Salah
will not become invalid in this case, it is Makruh-e-Tahrimi to do so without a valid reason.
Ref: (Ghunya-tul-Mustamli, P222, Karachi)
- If someone is present at such a place where there is neither any means to know the direction of Qiblah nor
any such Muslim whom he could ask the direction, so, in this case, he has to do Taharri, i.e. ponder (as to where the direction of Qiblah may be). He should turn towards the direction in which his heart guides him. This is the direction of Qiblah for him. Ref: (Al-Hidayah ma’ Fath-ul-Qadir, V1, P236)
- If someone offered Salah doing Taharri and got to know later on that the direction in which he offered Salah was not the correct direction of Qiblah, his Salah will still be valid, it does not need to be repeated.
Ref: (Fatawa-e-‘Alamgiri, V1, P64)
- If someone is offering Salah doing Taharri, another person sees him and starts offering Salah facing the same direction without doing Taharri, his Salah will not be valid; he will have to do his own Taharri.
Ref: (Rad-dul-Muhtar, V2, P143)
4. Waqt (Timings)
It is necessary to offer Salah within its stipulated time. For example, today’s ‘Asr Salah is to be offered, it is necessary that the time for Asr has begun. Asr Salah will not be valid if it is offered before the beginning of its time.
Ref: (Ghunya-tul-Mustamli, 224)
To get to know about 3 Forbidden Prayer Times here.
5. Niyyat (Intention)
Niyyat means firm intention in the heart. Ref: (Hashiya-tut-Tahtawi, P215 Karachi)
Starting Salah by uttering (اَللهُ اَكْبَر) is compulsory. Ref: (Alamgiri, V1, P68)