How To Perform Ghusl (Ritual Bath)


Method of Ghusl (Hanafi)

Make the following intention in the heart without uttering any word with the tongue: “I am going to take bath for acquiring purity.”

First, wash both hands up to wrist three times.

Wash excretory organs whether the impurity is present over there or not.

Now, if there is impurity on any part of body, remove it.

Perform Wudu as done for Salah but do not wash feet. In case of performing Ghusl on some stool, wash feet as well. Now moisten the body with wet hand, especially in winter season (during this, soap may be applied). Now pour water three times over right shoulder, three times on left shoulder, on head and then three times on the whole body. Now shift apart from place of Ghusl and wash feet if not washed during Wudu.

Do not face towards Qiblah during Ghusl. During bath, rub all the body by hands. Take bath at such a place where nobody could see you. If such place is not available, a man should cover his Sitr [from navel upto (including) knees] with a thick cloth. If the thick cloth is not available, two or more thin cloths can be wrapped on Sitr as thin cloth will stick with the body and colour of thighs / knees may be exposed (Allah forbid).

A woman has to take more cautions. Neither talk during Ghusl nor recite any invocation. After bath, body may be wiped with a towel etc.

Wear cloths immediately after the completion of Ghusl.

Three Obligatory (Fard) Acts in Ghusl

1. Rinsing the mouth

2. Sniffing water inside the nose

3. Ablution of the whole apparent body.

Ref: (Fatawa-e-‘Alamgiri, Vol-1, P-13)

1. Rinsing the Mouth

Taking a little water into mouth and then spitting it out quickly is not sufficient. It is essential to pass water in mouth over every part, every cavity from lips to the end of throat.

Ref: (Khulasa-tul-Fatawa Vol-1, P-21)

Water must reach the cavities behind the back teeth, gaps and roots of teeth, all sides of the tongue and the brim of throat.

Ref: (Durr-e-Mukhtar ma’ Rad-dul-Muhtar, Vol-1, P-254)

If you do not have fast, you should gargle as well (it is Sunnah to do so). If bits of betel nuts or fibers of meat are stuck in the teeth, they must be removed. If there is a fear of harm in case of removing them, removal is exempted.

Ref: (Fatawa-e-Razaviyyah, Vol-1, P-441, Raza foundation Lahore)

Prior to performing Ghusl, the fibres of meat etc. were stuck in the teeth but the one bathing did not feel them and,

therefore, offered Salah having performed Ghusl without removing them; later, he came to know that fibres of meat etc. were stuck in the teeth, it is now Obligatory (Fard) for him to remove them and pass water over there. The Salah offered is valid.

Ref: (Derived from Fatawa-e-Razaviyyah, Vol-1, P-206)

If a loose tooth has been fixed with some compound or fastened with wire and water could not reach below compound or wire, it is exempted.

Ref: (Fatawa-e-Razaviyyah, Vol-2, P-453)

The thorough rinsing of mouth is Obligatory (Fard) once in Ghusl and such thorough rinsing three times in Wudu is Sunnah.

 2. Sniffing Water into the Nose

Quickly splashing a bit of water onto the tip of one’s nose is not sufficient; it is essential to wash nose up to the end of soft bone i.e. up to the start of hard bone.

Ref: (Khula8a-tul-Fatawa, Vol-1, P21)

This can only be done by sniffing water upwards but remember, if even a part equal to a hair tip is left unwashed, Ghusl will be invalid. If dried mucus has accumulated inside the nose, it is Obligatory (Fard) to remove it.

Ref: (Fatawa-e-‘Alamgiri, Vol-1, P-13)

It is Obligatory (Fard) to wash the nasal hairs.

Ref: (Bahar-e-Shari’at, Part 2, P-34, Madina-tul-Murshid, Bareilly)

3. Ablution of the whole apparent Body

It is obligatory to pass water on each and every part and down (soft fine hair) of apparent body from hairs of the head up to soles of the feet. There are some such body-organs which may well remain unwashed, if special care is not taken, and Ghusl will not be valid on this account either.

Ref: (Fatawa-e-‘Alamgiri, V1, P14)

Twenty Cautions for both Man and Woman during Ghusl

  1. If a man’s hair is braided, it is Far to wash these hair
    from roots up to the tips having unbraided them. Women
    only need to wash the roots, it is not essential for them to
    undo their braids. However, if the hair is braided so tightly that water cannot reach the roots, it is essential to undo braids.
    Ref: (Fatawa-e-‘Alamgiri, Vol-1, P-13)
  2. If the hole of the pierced nose or ears is not closed, it is
    obligatory to pass water through the hole. During Wuu,
    flowing water through the hole of the nose only is needed
    but during Ghusl it must flow through the holes of both
    the nose and ears.
  3. Every single hair of the eyebrows, moustache and beard must be washed from root to tip and the skin beneath them must also be washed.
  4. Wash all parts of the ear and the mouth of the ear canal.
  5. The hair behind the ears will have to be lifted in order to
    wash the back of the ears.
  6. The joint between the chin and the throat will not be washed unless you lift your head upwards.
  7. The arms will have to be lifted properly in order to wash the armpits.
  8. Wash all sides of the arms.
  9. Wash every part of the entire back.
  10. Lift the folds of the belly in order to wash it properly.
  11. Pour water into your navel. If you suspect that the navel has not been washed properly, then insert a finger inside it and wash.
  12. Wash every down of the body from root to tip.
  13. Wash the fold between the thigh and the area beneath the navel.
  14. If you are performing Ghusl in a sitting position, you must remember to wash the fold between thigh and shin.
  15. Wash the part where both buttocks join, especially when performing Ghusl in a standing position.
  16. Pass water on all sides of the thighs.
  17. Pass water on all sides of the shins.
  18. Pass water on lower side of the penis and testicles up to the end.
  19. Pass water on surface beneath the testicles upto the end.
  20. An uncircumcised man should lift, if possible, the foreskin and wash penis and make water enter the additional skin.

Ref: (Derived from Bahar-e-Shariat, part-2, P-34)

Six Cautions for Women during Ghusl

  1. Lift up the sagging breasts and pass water beneath.
  2. Wash the line where the belly and breasts meet.
  3. Wash all external parts of the vagina (above and below every fold of skin).
  4. It is Mustahab but not Obligatory (Fard) to wash internals of vagina by inserting finger.
  5. If a woman is bathing at the termination of her menses or post-natal bleeding, it is Mustaab to clean traces of blood from within the vagina using some piece of cloth.
  6. It is Obligatory (Fard) to remove nail polish; otherwise, Ghusl will be invalid. However, there is no harm in henna colour.
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