How to Perform Tayammum (Male & Female) – Fiqh Hanafi Method
Make Niyyaĥ (intention) to perform Tayammum (Niyyah is the name of the intention of heart and pronouncing it verbally is better. For example, make intention in these words: ‘I am performing Tayammum to purify myself from impurity and to make myself eligible for offering Salah’).
Read بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ and, with fingers spread wide open, hit hands on some pure object that is earthen in nature (e.g. stones, limestone, bricks, walls, soil etc.) and drag the hands back and forth on that object. If hands become over-dusty, reduce excessive dust by jerking hands. Wipe entire face with hands such that no part of the face is left unwiped; Tayammum will not be valid if even a part equivalent to a hair is left unwiped.
Again hit hands on that object like before and wipe both arms from the fingertips up to (and including) the elbows. A better way to do this is to first wipe right hand with inner side of four fingers of the left hand, leaving the left thumb, starting from exterior side of fingertips of the right hand and dragging on exterior side up to the right elbow.
Then, wipe with palm of left hand from interior side of right elbow up to the right wrist dragging left palm on interior side. Finally, use the inside of the left thumb to wipe the back of the right thumb. The left arm should be wiped in the same manner using right hand. Ref: (Al-Fatawa Tatar Khaniyyah, pp. 227, vol. 1)
And if wiping is done with palm and fingers jointly, Tayammum will still be valid whether traversing is done from fingers towards elbow or vice versa. But this would be contrary to Sunnaĥ. Tayammum does not require wiping of head and feet. (Well known books of Ḥanafī jurisprudence)
Fard of Tayammum
There are three Faraḍ in Tayammum:
- Wiping hands on the entire face
- Wiping both arms including the elbows
Ref: (Bahar-e-Shariat, pp. 353, vol. 1, part 2)