How to Pray Janaza for Man | Woman | Child – Fiqh Hanafi Method
There are Two fundamentals and Three Sunnahs in the funeral prayer:
The Two fundamentals are:
(1) To recite (اَللهُ اَكْبَر) four times (2) Qiyam (to stand).
The three Sunan-e-Muakkadah are:
(1) Sana (2) Salat-Alan-Nabi (3) Supplication for the deceased.
Method of Namaz e Janaza Step by Step
The Muqtadi should make the following intention: ‘I make the intention of offering this funeral Salah for Allah and making supplication (Dua) for this dead person, following this Imam.’ Ref: (Fatawa Tatar Khaniya, vol. 2, pp. 153)
Now the Imam and the Muqtadis should raise their hands up to their ears and fold them below the navel as usual whilst saying: Allahu Akbar (اَللهُ اَكْبَر), and then recite Sana:
Then, without raising the hands, say: Allahu Akbar (اَللهُ اَكْبَر) and recite Durud-e-Ibrahim.
Without raising the hands again, say (اَللهُ اَكْبَر) and now recite the supplication (the Imam should say the Takbirat loudly whilst the Muqtadis should do the same in a low voice. Both the Imam and Muqtadis should recite the remaining invocations in a low voice).
After the supplication, say (اَللهُ اَكْبَر), unfold the hands and perform Salam on both sides. During the Salam, the intention should be made for the deceased person, for angels and for the participants of the Salah, same as in the Salam of other Salahs; the only difference here is the addition of the intention for the deceased person as well.
Ref: (Bahar-e-Shari’at, vol. 1, pp. 829, 835)
Supplication for funeral of adults (Man and Woman)
Dua for a Male Minor
Dua for a Female Minor
To offer funeral Salah whilst standing upon shoes
In case of offering the funeral Salah whilst wearing shoes, the shoes, as well as the part of the earth beneath them, must be pure, while, in case of offering the Salah placing the feet upon the shoes having taken them off, the purity of the sole of the shoes and the ground is not necessary. In reply to a question, Ala Hazrat Maulana Shah Imam Amad Raza Khan, a well known Islamic Scholar says ‘If the place was impure due to urine etc., or those who offered the Salah wearing such shoes whose soles were not pure, their Salah would not be valid. It is, therefore, safer to offer the funeral Salah by taking the shoes off and place the feet upon them so that the Salah would not be affected even if the sole of the shoes or the earth is impure.’
Ref: (Fatawa Razawiyyah, vol. 9, pp. 188)
Funeral Salah in Absentia
Presence of the corpse in front is necessary. Offering funeral Salah in absence of the corpse is not valid. It is Mustaab for the Imam to stand in front of the chest of the corpse.
Ref: (Durr-e-Mukhtar, vol. 3, pp. 123, 134)
Method of offering joint Salah for more than one funeral
Salah of several funerals may be offered jointly. It is optional to either place the corpses parallel such that chest of all remain in front of the Imam or place them in a queue such that the feet of the one corpse are towards the head of the other and so on.
Ref: (Bahar-e-Shari’at, vol. 1, pp. 839; ‘Alamgiri, vol. 1, pp. 165)