How to Pray Namaz (Male & Female) Hanafi Method


Dear Islamic Sisters, Please Read this Article carefully, we’ll discuss A Few Differences in the Salah of Islamic Sisters at the end of this Article.

Stand erect facing the Qiblah in the state of Wudu with a distance of four fingers between feet. Now raise both hands

making thumbs touch the ear-lobes. Fingers should neither be too close together nor too wide apart; instead, they should remain in a normal position, palms facing the Qiblah. Eyesight should be focused at the place of Sajdah. Now make a firm intention (in your heart) of the (Salah that you are about to offer. To say it verbally is better (for example, “I intend to offer four Rak’at for today’s Fard Zuhar (Salah.” If you are in a Jama’at, add the words “following this Imam”). Now, utter Takbir-e-Tahrimah (اَللهُ اَكْبَر) lowering your hands and fold them below navel with right palm on the back of left wrist joint, three middle fingers straight on the back of left forearm and thumb and small finger making a loop on either side of the wrist. Now recite Sana like this:

Then recite the Ta’aw-wuz:

Then recite the Tasmiyah:

Then recite the whole of Surah Fatiha:

After you finish Surah Fatiha, utter أمين (Amin) in low volume and then recite either three short Ayahs or one long Ayah that is equivalent to three short Ayahs or any Surah such as Surah Ikhlas).

Now bow down for Ruku’ uttering اَللهُ اَكْبَر. Hold knees firmly with both palms and keep fingers spread out. The back should be straight and head should also be in the straightness of the back (not lower or higher than the back); in Ruku’, focus eyesight at feet. Recite سُبْحانَ رَبِّيَ الْعَظِيْمِ at least three times in

Ruku’. Then utter the Tasmi سَمِعَ اللّهُ لِمَنْ حَمِدَه and stand erect; the standing after Ruku’ is called Qawmah. If you are a Munfarid (alone) then utter اَللَّهُمَّ رَبَّنَاوَلَكَ الْحَمْد.

Then, go down for Sajdah uttering اَللهُ اَكْبَر placing your knees first on the ground, then hands and then head (nose first and then the forehead) in between your hands. Make it sure that your nasal bone (not just the tip of your nose) and your forehead properly rest on the ground; in Sajdah, focus eyesight at nose; keep arms separated from sides, belly from thighs and thighs from shins (but if you are in a Jama’at then keep arms close to sides).

The tips of all ten toes should be towards Qiblah with their soles flattened with the ground. Your palms should be flat on the ground with fingers facing Qiblah, but do not keep the forearms touching the ground.

Now recite سُبْحانَ رَبِّيَ الْاَعْلَى at least three times; then lift your head (forehead first then nose), then hands and sit up straight; keep your right foot upright with its toes facing Qiblah; lay your left foot flat and sit on it; place your palms on your thighs close to your knees with your fingers facing Qiblah and their tips by the knees.

Sitting in between two Sujud is called Jalsah. One must stay in this position for at least the amount of time in which “Subhan ALLAH” can once be uttered.

Now, perform the second Sajdah uttering اَللهُ اَكْبَر in the same way as the first one.

Now, raise the head first; then stand up with the support of your toes placing your hands on your knees. Do not lean hands unnecessarily on the ground while standing up. You have now completed one Rakat.

In the second Rak’at, start with بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ and then recite Sura-e-Fatiah and another Surah, then do the Ruku’ and Sujud as you did in the first Rakat.

After completing the second Sajdah (of the second Rak’at) sit up straight with your right foot upright and your left foot flat.

To sit after the second Sajdah of the second Rak’at is called Qa’dah.

Recite Tashahhud in Qadah:

When you are about to utter the word لآ in Tashahhud, form a circle with the middle finger and thumb of your right hand and put the tips of your ring-finger and the pinkie at palm; as soon as you begin to utter the word ” لآ ” (immediately after “ اَشْهَدُاَلْ ”), raise your index finger without waving it side to side. When you reach ” اِلَّا ” put it down and straighten your all fingers out instantly. If you are offering more than two Rakat, stand up erect uttering اَللهُ اَكْبَر.

If it is Fard (Salah, recite only بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ and Sura-e-Fatiha in the third and fourth Rakat, an additional Surah is not needed. The rest of the acts must be performed in the same way as before.

However, if it is a Sunnah Salah or Nafl Salah, then Surah must be added after Surah Fatiha in the third and fourth Rakat (You must remember that if you are offering the (Salah following an Imam, you cannot recite anything in the Qiyam of any Rakat, you must stand quietly). Once you have offered all four Rakat, sit in Qadahe- Akhirah, and then recite Tashahhud and the Durud-e-Ibrahim (Peace be upon Him).

Then recite any Dua-e-Masura e.g.

Then, to finish the (Salah, first turn face towards right shoulder saying اَلسَّلامُ عَلَيْكُمْ وَرَحْمَةُ اللَّه and then towards left shoulder saying the same words. Now your Salah has completed.

Ref: (Maraqil falah ma’ Hashiya-tut-Tahtawi, P278, Ghunya-tul-Mustamli, P261, Karachi).

A Few Differences in the Salah of Islamic Sisters

The afore-mentioned method of (Salah is for an Imam or a man offering individually. There are some differences between the (Salah of Islamic sisters and that of Islamic brothers. At the time of Takbir-e-Tahrimah, Islamic sisters should raise their hands up to their shoulders; their hands should remain covered in their shawl.

Ref:(Al-Hidayah ma’ Fath-ul-Qadir, V1, P246)

In Qiyam, Islamic sisters should place their left palm on chest just below their breast and put the right palm on the back of the left palm. Islamic sisters should bow slightly in Ruku’ i.e. to the extent of placing their hands on their knees. They should neither apply weight to their knees nor hold them; their fingers should be close together and feet should be slightly bent i.e. not completely straight, like men. Islamic sisters should perform Sajdah keeping their body parts close together, i.e. arms touching sides, belly touching thighs, thighs touching shins and shins touching the ground. In Sajdah and Qa’dah, they should draw their feet out towards the right side.

In Qa’dah, they should sit on their left buttock. They should place their right and left hands on the middle of their right and left thighs respectively. The rest method is like that of men.

Ref:(Rad-dul-Muhtar, V2, P259, ‘Alamgiri, V1, P74)


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